Essay Mi Ne Demek In Turkish

Question Sentences

Question sentences in Turkish can be classified into two groups like in English:

  1. Yes-no questions

  2. Regular questions

There are also question tags, i.e. questions of the form "You are coming, aren't you?".

In this lesson, we will see how these different types of questions can be asked in Turkish.

Before looking at how questions are constructed, let's see the question words in Turkish.

EnglishTurkish
what?ne?
who?kim?
which?hangi?
where?nere?
when?ne zaman?
how?nasıl?
how many?kaç tane?
how much?ne kadar?
how often?ne sıklıkla

 

Now, let's see how different types of question sentences can be constructed.

1. Yes-no questions

In Turkish, yes-no questions are constructed with the question suffix '-mi'. It is important to note, however, the question suffix -mi is written separate from the word it is appended to. You can ask at this point: "Why is it a suffix instead of a separate word if it is written separately?". The reason question suffix -mi is regarded as a suffix is that it has to satisfy the major and minor vowel harmony rules for the word it is appended to. Let's see some example sentences demonstrating the use of the question suffix -mi.

A. This is a book. --> Bu bir kitap.

B. Is this a book? --> Bu bir kitap mı? (Note how the regular sentence is turned into a yes-no question sentence by the addition of the question suffix -mi)

A1. Yes, this is a book. --> Evet, bu bir kitap.

A2. No, this is not a book. This is a notebook. --> Hayır, bu bir kitap değil. Bu bir defter.

 

A. His name is Ahmet. --> Onun adı Ahmet.

B. Is his name Ahmet? --> Onun adı Ahmet mi?

A1. Yes, his name is Ahmet.

A2. No, his name is not Ahmet. His name is Mehmet. --> Hayır, onun adı Ahmet değil. Onun adı Mehmet.

A3. No. His name is Mehmet. --> Hayır. Onun adı Mehmet.

 

A. This is my house. --> bu benim evim

B. Is this your house? --> Bu senin evin mi?

A1. Yes, this is my house. --> Evet, bu benim evim.

A2. No, this is not my house. This is my mother's house. --> Hayır, bu benim evim değil. Bu annemin evi.

 

2. Regular questions

Regular questions are the ones constructed using the question words listed above and the answers to these questions are not simply yes or no. In English, there is a certain word order for regular question sentences. The question word comes first, and the rest of the sentence elements follow it. In Turkish, however, questions are constructed in a quite different way. To learn how to construct a question, a simple way is to follow the following steps. This will work in most cases:

  1. Construct the answer sentence.
  2. Locate the word or phrase that is the actual answer to the question.
  3. Just replace that word or phrase with the appropriate question word.

Let's apply this on an example. The question we want to ask is, "Who is this?".

  1. The answer sentence will be something like "This is my brother. --> Bu benim kardeşim."
  2. The answer to the question is the phrase "my brother --> benim kardeşim".
  3. Replace this phrase with the question word "who --> kim" and the question sentence becomes "Bu kim?".

To summarize, a question sentence has the same word order as a regular sentence. The difference is that the part of the sentence that is asked is replaced by the appropriate question word. The question word takes all the suffixes of the word it is replaced for.

Consider the sentence "Ahmet eve gidiyor. --> Ahmet is going home."

Who is going home? --> Kim eve gidiyor? (Ahmet in the regular sentence is replaced by who. The rest of the sentence is the same.)

Where did Ahmet go? --> Ahmet nereye gitti? (ev in the regular sentence is replaced by nere. Note that the question word nere also takes the suffix -e of the word ev and becomes nereye, meaning 'to where')

What is Ahmet doing? --? Ahmet ne yapıyor? (The phrase 'eve gidiyor' in the original sentence is replaced by "ne yapıyor --> what's he doing")

 

Note that to make a question sentence asking a verb, we use :

"What +to be (in the appropriate tense) + object + to do (in the appropriate tense)"

Ex1: What are you doing?

Ex2: What did Ahmet do?

In Turkish, this structure becomes:

"Object + ne + yapmak (in the appropriate tense and person)"

Ex1: (Sen) ne yapıyorsun?

Ex2: Ahmet ne yaptı?

This is simply the regular sentence where the action is replaced by "ne + yapmak", which is consistent with our rule for constructing question sentences.

 

3. Question tags

Question tags are the questions of the form:

You are home, aren't you?

He did his homework, didn't he?

Mehmet will come today, won't he?

 

Constructing question phrases in Turkish is very simple and straightforward. You just add "değil mi" at the end regardless of the sentence. The translations for the question tags above are then:

Evdesin, değil mi?

Ödevini yaptı, değil mi?

Mehmet bugün gelecek, değil mi?

 

Yazı yazma becerisinin gelişmesi için en temel koşullardan biri bolca pratik yapmak yani yazmak ve yanlışları düzletip tekrar yazmak. Bu noktada, yazı yazmak için kullanabileceğiniz çeşitli essay konuları derledik. Level 1-3 başlığı nispeten daha kısa ve dar kapsamlı konular. Level 4-5 ise daha uzun ve kapsamlı konuları içeriyor.

Ayrıca essay yazmak üzerine pratik bilgileri adıma adım anlatan essay yazma rehberi  sayfasını inceleyebilirsiniz. Sınav temelli essay çalışması yapıyorsanız TOEFL essay örnekleri sayfasına göz atabilirsiniz.

Essay Rehberi ile baştan sona essay yazmayı öğrenin ✅

50 şehir & binlere öğrenci writing için Essay Rehberi’ne güveniyor.Essay Rehberi ile tanışın, writing dertlerinizden kurtulun.

Yazarken aklınıza fikir gelmiyor mu? Uzun ve güzel cümleler kuramıyor musunuz? Vaktiniz yetmiyor mu? Thesis nedir, outline nedir, body nasıl yazılır bilmiyor musunuz? 

Essay yazma ile ilgili bilmeniz gereken ne varsa Essay Rehberi‘nde.

Level 1-3

  1. Write about your craziest travel experience.
  2. Write about what sort of a life you would like to live at the age of 30.
  3. Write about your fears and how you can overcome them.
  4. The advantages and disadvantages of social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter?
  5. Describe your first day at university.
  6. Narrate an experience that helped you to grow up
  7. Narrate a dangerous experience
  8. How to lose 5 kg in a year?
  9. How to study for an exam?
  10. How to travel around the world?
  11. How to grow a habit?
  12. If you could do it would you rather travel to the future or the past. Why would you choose one over the other?
  13. Are video games useful or are they a waste of time?
  14. Tell us about the importance and role of tea in Turkish culture

Essayinizi kontrol edeyim mi?

Yüzlerce öğrenciye writing anlattım, binlerce essay değerlendirdim. Siz de internet üzerinden yazdığınız İngilizce yazıları kontrol ettirip geribildirim (feedback) almak isterseniz online essay kontrol sayfasını ziyaret edin.

Level 4-5

  1. Parkinson’s Law suggests that work expands to fill the time available. Do you agree?
  2. Murphy’s Law states that whatever can go wrong, will go wrong. Do you agree and disagree. Please support your argument with example from your own life.
  3. A proverb says when life throws you lemons, make lemonade. Do you agree with this logic?
  4. Do you believe in superstitions? Should one believe in them?
  5. Recently there has been a surge in the number of courses online. Many universities now publish their courses online for free and there have been a couple of successful massive online course experiments. Do you think online courses can replace a traditional university education?
  6. Many people use PowerPoint presentations to structure their talks and guide themselves. However using PowerPoint can at times be boring. What do you think the advantages and disadvantages of using PowerPoint for a presentation.
  7. What do you think the characteristics of a true leader are?
  8. Do you think lying is acceptable? If so under what conditions?
  9. Which one do you like more: summer or winter? Explain why you like one more than the other.
  10. Which one do you think is more productive: working from home or working at an office?
  11. What are the advantages and disadvantages of cramming for an exam?
  12. What are the positive consequences of technology on our lives?
  13. What are the negative consequences of technology on our life?
  14. What are the advantages of living in a big city?
  15. What are the advantages of living in a small city?
  16. What can be done to improve bicycle adoption in Turkey?
  17. What do you think true love entails?
  18. How can people build trust?
  19. How can you get rid of laziness? Is that possible?
  20. When do you feel like a grown up? What makes you feel mature?
  21. What are the traits of a good parent?
  22. Is beauty more important than intelligence in social life? Why or why not?
  23. Should all citizens be required to vote by law?
  24. Every student should learn a foreign language
  25. Higher taxes should be imposed on tobacco and alcohol to promote a healthier life
  26. People should no legally be allowed to carry weapons. Do you agree or disagree?
  27. What are the benefits of watching TV?
  28. What do you think about the electric cars? Do you think they will replace oil-powered cars or are they doomed?
  29. Some cities tackle with traffic congestion by imposing toll zones and collecting mandatory fees from drivers who drive in these zones. Do you support or oppose such a measure?
 Hüseyin Demirtaş’ın İngilizce öğrenimiyle ilgili yeni kaynaklarından haberdar olmak için e-posta listesine üye olun. İşinizi şansa bırakmayın!  

 

Etiketler: Writing konuları, essay konuları or writing topics, esssay topics, İngilizce yazma konuları, writing pratik, writing hazırlık, essay yazma, writing yazma

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